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Editorial Reviews. Review. “The book can also serve as an excellent first guide to most The Shadow of War: Russia and the USSR, to the present ( Blackwell History of Russia Book 9) - Kindle edition by Stephen Lovell. " Shadow of War is an astute topical approach to Soviet/Russian history from to the.
Table of contents
- Person | King’s People | King’s College London
- A negentropic society? Wartime and postwar Soviet history
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- The Shadow of War - Russia and the USSR, 1941 to the present (Electronic book text, 1st edition)
Articles 19—20 of the UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights define the freedom of opinion to impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers and stresses the responsibility accompanying dissemination of information as well as prohibits propaganda for war and any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred. At present, doubts have been voiced repeatedly if the UN Charter can be implemented, also in relation to subversive leverage; it has been mentioned that the Charter may serve as an aid but it would be of no use in achieving certain goals in cyberspace, where it is very difficult to locate enemy stations as well as organise defence.
Person | King’s People | King’s College London
A representative of the free press in Russia, Novaya Gazeta, that also quoted the Estonian views, published an article in May , in which the Estonian Minister of Defence said that the cyber attacks on the state servers served as military aggression and some attacks originated from Russian national institutions. Military experts certainly would know about these kinds of existing norms.
Detter Frankopan also placed information war in the chapter on armament limitations and noted that although the problem had been acknowledged on the international level, there were few studies, but in principle it could be agreed that it was, in a sense, a new type of warfare. John Martin, who studied the legal and diplomatic regulation of propaganda in the s and s, arrived at a conclusion that there were few possibilities on the international level to control propaganda or regulate it, with a sole exception being war propaganda that was prohibited.
The most important changes have certainly been the introduction of cross-border television and, above all, the Internet, which does not essentially impose any restrictions on dissemination of information and hence also propaganda. If someone disseminates war propaganda, how can the individual be held liable if the act is committed in one country, but information is disseminated via a server located in a third country? Feodorov opines that the use of information war methods should be equated with the use of weapons of mass destruction although it would be problematic. Brown suggested that the use of information systems in armed conflicts be regulated by an international convention.
Hollis made a proposal to regulate by international law information operations that would cover both propaganda and cyber attacks. But is it possible to hold countries liable for propaganda and cyber attacks? Subversive leverage has a historical background in the relationships between Estonia and Russia, in a political as well as in international and legal context. The events occurring in have paradoxically contributed to the development of international law in cyberspace, which gives reason to hope that cyber attacks on computer networks will be regulated in international law on the UN level in the coming years; the efficiency of such regulation is another question.
There is both practical need as well as the interest on the part of the European Union Member States and the USA to regulate issues regarding cyber terrorism on an international level. Production of new international law in this field is an inevitable part of the global civilisation process. The civilisation process usually involves reduction in human desires. The paper showed that, in a historical context, Estonian—Russian bilateral relations have already had a more general effect on international law.
Clarification of Some Terms Before turning to the actual research question and subject matter of the article, let us first clarify some basic concepts and notions. Two Significant Treaties between Estonia and Russia 3. Treaty on foundations of Estonian—Russian relations of January In January , another treaty between Estonia and Russia was concluded.
A negentropic society? Wartime and postwar Soviet history
Questions raised The similar provisions of the two Treaties prohibit propaganda, which is rather significant considering the actual political relations between our countries. Events of April and their impact on international law As mentioned in the introduction to this paper, many people believed that tension in the relations between Estonia and Russia increased at the beginning of Conclusions Subversive leverage has a historical background in the relationships between Estonia and Russia, in a political as well as in international and legal context.
Rogozin: Rossiyskiy spetsnaz dolzhen vyzvolit prakh voinov v Talline. Anton, M. Pulliainen, et al. Cyber attacks hit Estonia. Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tallinn , p. International Propaganda. Its Legal and Diplomatic Control. Gloucester: Peter Smith , p. Munitions of the Mind. A History of propaganda from the ancient world to the present era.
IV izdanie. Moskva , p. Sankt Peterburg: Folio-Press , p. See Security Police of the Republic of Estonia.
Annual Review , , pp. Annual Review Tallinn , pp. Joyner, C. The Law of War. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press , pp. Mockva , pp.
See for comments and English translation: V. KGB Lexicon. London: Frank Cass , p. Scott, P.
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SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. Responsibility Stephen Lovell. Imprint Chichester, West Sussex, U. Physical description x, p. Series Blackwell history of Russia. Online Available online. In Havel's view, the rhetorical power of a "regime committed to entropy" lay in an implied teleology that gave critics of Czechoslovakian socialism cause for hope. It presupposes movement from a higher to a lower order or from differentiation to randomness.
Although Havel A negentropic society? Wartime and postwar Soviet history. Author: Stephen V. Date: June 22, From: Kritika Vol. Publisher: Slavica Publishers, Inc.